Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

The NCSA Genomics Group is a host for research into the use of high performance computing (HPC) for primary genomics analyses, such as alignment, variant calling, genome assembly, and RNASeq. By its nature, this research is highly collaborative. Every member of our team is affiliated with multiple departments or campus initiatives. The student participants in this group serve as a bond between the campus faculty using computational genomics analyses in their research, and the NCSA experts in HPC, storage, networking, databases, etc. Together we enable the use of advanced computing infrastructure in computational genomics. Explore this page to find out who is involved, how we are connected, and what projects are currently ongoing.

NCSA Press:

Crossing over, branching out: Meet the NCSA Genomics team

Engineering Open House Award

Collaborative efforts produce clinical workflows for fast, translational genetic analysis

Table of Contents:






Liudmila Sergeevna Mainzer

Technical Program Manager, National Center for Supercomputing Applications

Research Assistant Professor, Institute of Genomic Biology

217-300-0568


NCSA Genomics, September 2017. Credit: Steve Deunsing


NCSA Genomics 'Best Original Undergraduate Research' Award


NCSA Genomics - Bluewaters tour, 17 June 2019

Current People and Projects

Ramshankar Venkatakrishnan, Research Programmer

B.S. Electronics & Communications (2012)

M.S. Electrical & Computer Engineering (2015)

Mayo Grand Challenge: evaluating and streamlining genomics workflows/EpiQuant

Ramshankar is working on computational improvements for the Mayo Grand Challenge, a genomics research
project in partnership with the Mayo Clinic. Ram is rewriting Mayo's variant calling pipeline using the Cromwell/WDL workflow management.

Ram will also contribute his hardware expertise to the project, evaluating system architecture options to complement the team’s
software and coding improvements.

Ram is also involved in benchmarking the EpiQuant project and will collaborate to improve the scalability by testing on different datasets and nodes to achieve efficient results.

Github: MayomicsVC Pipeline

Katherine Kendig, Associate Project Manager

B.A. Anthropology (2012)

M.F.A. Creative Writing (2017)

Project Management

Katherine is a project manager with the NCSA Industry Program, working primarily with biomedical partners.

She benchmarked the Sentieon variant calling software for the Mayo Grand Challenge: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/396325v1

She has also contributed to NCSA’s Public Affairs team, writing articles about NCSA and XSEDE research:

After the storm; Bringing supercomputing to psychology; DISSCO Tech; ECSS: Profiles in Consulting; NCSA Genomics; History was here

Brian Bliss, Research Programmer

Data compression

Brian will be working on data compression for the Mayo Grand Challenge project.





Dan Lanier, Research Programmer

B.S. Applied Mathematics (2008)

NCSA Industry

Dan supports biomedical partners in the NCSA Industry program.

Dan provides a complementary mix of expertise in HPC and mathematical data analysis to enable pharmaceutical, agricultural and medical companies to utilize the high performance computing resources at NCSA.



Weihao Ge

B.S. Physics (2008)

M.S. Physics (2011)

Ph.D. Biophysics (2018)

advised by Dr. Eric Jacobsson

Search Space Reduction

Weihao is evaluating statistical methods for search space reduction in the analysis of GWAS data for genomic variant
epistasis in association with disease to allow for faster, more meaningful results.

Her work is part of the CCBGM project "Scaling the Computation of Epistatic Interactions in GWAS Data."

An assessment of true and false positive detection rates of stepwise epistatic model selection as a function of sample size and number of markers

Matthew Kendzior

Research Programmer

BS Crop Sciences (2016)

MS Bioinformatics (2019)

Mayo Grand Challenge

Mr. K is working as a researcher in the Mayo Grand Challenge, which aims to drastically speed up the time for detection of genomic variants, and to extract more information from whole genome sequencing data.

Genomic variant calling by assembly

Mr. K is focusing on a method to detect genomic variants by assembly.

He is employing the software Cortex-var, which constructs de-novo genome assembly on multiple
sequencing samples, and then compares the resultant de Bruijn graphs to detect where they
diverge, indicating a potential variant. This could be a good method for detecting novel variants,
especially repeats and complex rearrangements in complex genomes, such as polyploid plants and
cancer. Mr. K is using his strong background in genomics to interpret, clean-up and validate the output.

Mr. K is also working with Tiffany on the genomic analysis of HLHS for the Mayo Grand Challenge.

Poster: Variant Calling by Assembly

Poster: Reference-guided variant calling for non-repetitive sequences in Glycine Max

Joshua Allen

BA Mathematics and English (2001)

MA English (2005)

MS Bioinformatics (2019)

Josh is involved with writing and testing code for the Mayomics project and has recently begun work in statistical analysis on the MGC 2 project.

Graduate Students

Sparsh Agarwal

B.Tech + M.Tech in Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology (2018)

MS in Bioinformatics (2020)

Mayo Grand Challenge Project

He is working on Mayo Grand Challenge project that aims to detect genomic variants in humans responsible for HLHS disease by using Cortex-var software as the de novo assembler and variant caller.

Prakruthi Burra

B. E. Computer Science (2018)

M.S. Biological Sciences (2018)

Human Heredity & Health in Africa

Prakruthi contributes to UIUC's work with the H3Africa Consortium. She is involved with projects on graph representations of genome assemblies and machine learning techniques applied to biological problems. 

Workflow management for variant calling

Prakruthi is also implementing a variant calling workflow in Nextflow, an increasingly popular workflow manager. Prior to her workflow development work, she was briefly involved in testing the workflow developed for the Mayo Grand Challenge. 


Dave Istanto

B.S. Crop Sciences (2018)

Nextflow Cortex_Var Structural Variant Calling Workflow

Dave is responsible to develop a user-friendly and cluter-portable version of cortex_var workflow to detect large structural variants in given genomes using Nextflow workflow management language

Soybean Haplotype and Structural Variant Profiling and Analysis

Dave is responsible for both profiling of variants in 481 soybean lines, which later will be processed by correlating them to certain visible characteristics

Shubham Rawlani

Shubham Rawlani

Bachelors in Electronics and Communication Engineering

Masters in Information Management

Space Search Reduction and EpiQuant

Shubham is involved in data analysis part where he writes code for data wrangling, extraction and cleaning to ease out the evaluation of statistical algorithms in the analysis of GWAS data for genomic variant epistasis


Shubham is also involved in benchmarking the EpiQuant project and will collaborate to improve the scalability by testing on different datasets and nodes to achieve efficient results

Priya Balgi

Bachelors in Information Technology Engineering

Masters in Information Management

Project Management

Priya is responsible for assisting in execution of Project Management tasks. Additionally, she performs genomics workflow testing using bash scripting in HPC environment and is developing a website using GitHub Pages/Jekyll for creation & auto-maintenance of project documentation.

She also lead a student group of 8 for representing NCSA industry research during the Engineering Open House where the Genomics group won the Second Best Original Under Graduate Research Award and will also represent NCSA Industry research at the BioIT World Conference.

Poster: NCSA Industry Research

Mingyu Yang


B.E. Network Engineering


M.S. Electrical and Computer Engineering


Mayo Grand Challenge Project

Mingyu is working on optimize and test the performance of GABAC, which is a gene compression application.

Yazhuo Zhang

MS in Information Management

Racial Health Disparities

Yazhuo is involved in Racial Health Disparities project and researches with machine learning and data science skills. Her work is to do statistical analysis and write codes to build a pipeline on health datasets in collaboration with team members.

Undergraduate Students

Dipro Ray

B.S. Computer Science (2020)

Minor in Mathematics

Resolving Racial Disparities by Applying Statistics on Complex, Multidimensional Datasets

Dipro is working on turning a proof-of-concept prototype, of a statistical pipeline to analyze health data, into a well-structured open source package that is very portable, containerized and deployable through the cloud (like AWS), making such critical software available to researchers and collaborators with only a few commands.

In pursuit of this goal, Dipro also works on refining the statistical pipeline in a modular manner and chalking out key design decisions for its implementation, and improving the package's computational efficiency (by making use of the host computer's architecture and resources)."

Tajesvi Bhat

B.S. Computer Science (2020)
Minor in Bioengineering

Deployment of Variant Calling Workflows on Cloud Platform

Tajesvi is working on this that project aims to deploy variant calling workflows implemented using systems such as WDL and Nextflow in AWS and other cloud services.

High School Students

We have several high school students working with our team to gain skills and complete projects in a real-world environment.

Sophia Torrellas


Sophia and Angelynn are benchmarking the performance and accuracy of Minimap2 (Li, 2018) -
a program used for analyzing sequencing read data in genomics.

Minimap2 maps the sequencing reads against the reference genome for the species.
Currently, BWA MEM (Li, 2013) is the most widely used tool for this purpose,
with Novoalign (Hercus and Albertyn, 2012) coming as a close second.
However, recent research (Li, 2018) suggests that Minimap2 is equally accurate yet also faster than BWA MEM.
Are these claims true? Can we validate them independently using our own measurements?
Sophia and Angelynn are running tests in AWS to answer these questions.


Poster : Minimap2_BWA MEM


Spotlight: http://www.ncsa.illinois.edu/news/story/ncsa_student_spotlight_angelynn_huang_and_sophia_torrellas

Angelynn Huang

Former Group Members



Ellen Nie

B.S. Computer Science (2018)

Big data network transfers for genomics

Ellen is benchmarking the network transfers of genomic data across multiple sites.She wants to understand the limitations of modern network backbone for big data genomics, and to facilitate correct configuration of the endpoints to resolve those limitations. Ellen is looking at the sites of our collaborators in Toronto, South Africa, Sudan, and the UK.

Poster: Benchmarking and Optimization of Long Distance Big Data Transfers

Validation of Sentieon - the fast alternative to GATK

Ellen is also collaborating with OICR to validate the speed and accuracy of the new software package for genomic variant calling, called Sentieon DNASeq.

Convert Java-based GWAS code for Spark

In a project described below (Accurate and scalable GWAS algorithms) we are improving performance of a stepwise epistatic model selection for Genome-Wide Association Studies. The method itself works well, but the current Java implementation is way too slow for modern data sizes.

We would like to deploy this Java code on Spark, to see if the necessary performance gains could be obtained.

A successful student applicant will use Java Spark API to adapt the current code for a Spark platform that is being deployed at NCSA ISL2.0. This code will be validated for correctness in collaboration with a student statistician from the lab of Dr. Lipka, who developed this statistical method.

Poster: Scaling the Computation of Epistatic Interactions in GWAS Data

Tiffany Li

B.S. Integrative Biology (2018)

minor in Computer Science

Benchmarking performance and accuracy of genomic variant calling software

Tiffany collaborates to document our efforts in benchmarking variant calling on HPC systems. We have run variant calling experiments on 500 genomes in parallel, on Blue Waters, to identify performance bottlenecks when using the GATK best practices workflow.

We have also tested a number of alternative software, such as Isaac, Genalice, and Sentieon, as well as Dragen - a hardware solution. Tiffany is documenting the pros and cons of each of these excellent approaches in a separate manuscript.

Validation and benchmarking on ParFu - a parallel file packaging utility

Tiffany is also involved in testing and benchmarking of ParFu, an MPI tool for creating or extracting directory tree archives written by Dr. Craig Steffen, who works in the Blue Waters team.

Github: Parfu Archive Tool


Sijia Huo

B.S. Mathematics & Computer Science (2018)

second major in Statistics

third major in Economics

Parallelization of R

Sijia is working with NCSA Faculty Fellow Dr. Zeynep Madak-Erdogan to introduce parallel R code into her research.

Dr. Madak-Erdogan is exploring racial disparities in breast cancer occurrence through the lens of diet and nutrition.


Ryan Chui

B.S. Biochemistry (2016)

M.S. Bioinformatics (2017)

Department of Computer Science, UIUC

NCSA Industry

Ryan performed software installation, benchmarking, and development for a variety of industry partners.To investigate how the training time for deep neural networks (DNN’s) can be affected, Ryan worked with TensorFlow, Google’s deep learning library, to perform multi-label classification on a data set.

He built an autoencoder – an unsupervised deep neural network - to extract salient features from the
data.

On Github:

EpiQuant: Hadoop, C, Tensorflow - epistasis software prototypes

MLCC - multi-label cancer classification

q2b - binary representation of nucleotides

ptgz - parallel tar gzip

Usage Analyzer - log analyzer for HPC schedulers

Jennie Zermeno

B.S. Integrative Biology (2017)

Benchmarking performance and accuracy of genomic variant calling software

Jennie collaborated to document our efforts in benchmarking variant calling on HPC systems. Jennie also participated in the debugging of the H3ABioNet GATK Germline Workflow.

Bioinformatics in the Cloud

Jennie is investigating the issues of portability, reproducibility and scaling of bioinformatics workflows in cloud infrastructure by instantiating containerized versions of workflows.

Students Capitalize on Computational Genomics Research Using AWS

Angela Chen

M.S. Statistics (2017)

Department of Statistics, UIUC

CompGen fellow

advised by Dr. Alexander Lipka

Accurate and scalable GWAS algorithms

Angela and Khory collaborated to improve the scalability and parallelization of the statistical software TASSEL5, widely used for conducting genome wide association studies (GWAS) in plants.

Angela wrote a manuscript to demonstrate that her new stepwise epistatic model selection procedure has greater statistical power compared to other methods. However, the Java-based TASSEL5 cannot be easily parallelized across multiple nodes in a computational cluster, to run on
modern, relevant datasets, which tend to be very large, such as the Alzheimer's SNP panel.


Khory provided the expertise in computer science to convert this Java code into C++ and parallelize

it in HPC environment.


Khory Wagner

advised by Dr. Vologymyr Kindratenko

Image result for nainika roy uiuc

Nainika Roy

B.S. Molecular and Cellular Biology (2017)

minor in Informatics and Chemistry

SPIN fellow

Data formats and data structures in computational genomics

Image result for junyu li uiuc

Junyu Li

B.S. Molecular and Cellular Biology (2017)

minor in Computer Science

SPIN fellow

Genomic variant calling by assembly

Junyu worked with Mr. K in an interdisciplinary team, providing the expertise in math and computer science to automate the Cortex-var workflow and interpret the algorithm.

Poster: Reference-guided variant calling for novel non-repetitive sequences in Glycine max

Noah Flynn

B.S. Bioengineering, Mathematics (2017)

minor in computer science

SPIN fellow

 

Evolution of molecular networks and persistence of organisms

Jacob Heldenbrand

Research Programmer

B.S. Biochemistry (2014)

M.S. Bioinformatics (2016)


NCSA Industry

Jacob supports biomedical partners in the NCSA Industry program.

Jacob provides a complementary mix of expertise in HPC and bioinformatics data analysis to enable pharmaceutical, agricultural and medical companies to utilize the high performance computing resources at NCSA.

Jacob and Azza Ahmed (Ph. D. candidate, University of Khartoum) are exploring and evaluating the
use of Swift T for variant calling.

Github: Swift T Variant Calling

Guide: Downloading large datasets with SRA Toolkit

Matthew Weber

B.S. Molecular and Cellular Biology (2016)

M.S. Bioinformatics (2018)

Department of Crop Sciences, UIUC

CompGen fellow

advised by Dr. Matthew Hudson

Mutation profiles of cancer

Mr. Weber is developing machine learning methods to effectively stratify cancers based on the statistical properties of mutations found in afflicted individuals. Cancer stratification is predictive of disease outcomes, drug response and drug metabolism. Effective computational approaches based on total data acquired to-date can make this process cheaper in the clinic. Matt collaborates with the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research to make sure his models are realistic.

Paper: Simulating Next-Generation Sequencing Datasets from Empirical Mutation and Sequencing Models

Poster: Statistical models to capture mutational properties for NextGen Sequencing Data

Aishwarya Raj

B.S. Biochemistry (2019)

minor in Bioinformatics

Illinois Informatics Institute fellow

Evolution of molecular networks and persistence of organisms

Construct and compare gene, metabolic and signaling networks from organisms across the tree of life.

The goal of the project is to provide support for the general framework of persistence strategies.

It postulates that persistence is achieved by biological systems via a tradeoff of traits that serve either economy, flexibility, or robustness. In this project we want to determine and quantify the molecular mechanisms that underlie these persistence strategies. Will analysis of the biomolecular networks allow us to differentiate between organisms of differing economy, flexibility, and robustness, and subsequently classify unknown, newly discovered, or modified organisms within such predefined
classes?

Poster: Persistence Strategies in Biomolecular Network Architecture

NCUR Slides: Architecture and Dynamics of Biomolecular Networks Facilitate Evolution of Persistence Strategies in Living Organisms

Cynthia Liu

B.S. Bioengineering (2019)

minor in Computer Science

Workflow management comparisons

Cynthia worked to learn the Nextflow system for workflow management and to compare and contrast
three competing workflow management options for bioinformatics in association with the work Ram is performing for the Mayo Grand Challenge.


Poster: Comparative Analysis of Genomic Sequencing Workflow Management Systems


Brian Rao

B.S Integrative Biology

(2018)

Minor in Informatics

Brian wrote and tested the variant calling workflow code for the Mayo Grand Challenge.  He focused on the accuracy and performance considerations of tumor variant detection in clinical settings.


Other Collaborations

Hudson Pic.jpg

Dr. Matthew Hudson

Bioinformatics

Crop Science

HPCBio, Carver Biotechnology Center

http://hpcbio.illinois.edu/

 

Dan Wickland

Ph.D. Informatics (2019)

Image result for dr daniel katz uiuc

Dr. Daniel Katz

Computer Science

NCSA Scientific Software and Applications

Portable variant calling workflow in Swift

Github: Swift Variant Calling


Image result for azza ahmed

Azza Ahmed

Computer Science

University of Khartoum

advised by Dr. Faisal Fadlelmola

Dr. Zeynep Madak-Erdogan

Food Science & Human Nutrition

Madak-Erdogan Lab

Systems Biology of Estrogen Signaling


Brandi Smith

Ph.D. Food Science and

Human Nutrition (2021)

Image result for human health and heredity in africa

H3Africa Consortium

  • bioinformatics workflows in the cloud
  • custom genotyping chip for African populations
  • H3Africa bioinformatics node accreditation

Morgan Taschuk

Bioinformatics

OICR

  • production infrastructure for primary genomics analyses
  • reproducibility of research in cancer genomics


Image result for paul Hatton University of Birmingham

Paul Hatton

HPC / Visualisation


Image result for university of birmingham


University of Birmingham










  • No labels